ḤAGIZ, MOSES

ḤAGIZ, MOSES (1672–c. 1751), scholar, kabbalist, and opponent of Shabbateanism; son of Jacob Ḥagiz . He was born in Jerusalem and studied with his grandfather, moses galante . He appears to have quarreled in his youth with the rabbis and lay leaders of Jerusalem, for when in 1694 he left Ereẓ Israel to collect money to found a yeshivah in Jerusalem, damaging letters were sent after him to the communities to which he turned. Moses visited Egypt and then Italy, where in 1704 he published his father's Halakhot Ketannot. He traveled by way of Prague to Amsterdam where he made contact with Ẓevi Hirsch Ashkenazi , then rabbi of the Ashkenazi community, and collaborated with him in an energetic struggle against Shabbateanism and its secret adherents. When in 1713 Ashkenazi and Moses refused to retract the excommunication of the Shabbatean Nehemiah Ḥayon , a fierce quarrel broke out between them and the elders of the Portuguese community. In 1714 when Ashkenazi resigned his rabbinical office and left Amsterdam, Moses was compelled to leave with him. He went first to London with Ashkenazi, there continuing the fight against Ḥayon and his allies, and then to Altona, home of jacob emden , Ashkenazi's son, where he resumed the struggle against Shabbateanism. Among those he attacked were michael abraham cardoso and even jonathan eybeschuetz , and he took the offensive against Moses Ḥ1ayyim Luzzatto , inducing the rabbis of Venice to excommunicate him. In 1738 Moses returned to Ereẓ Israel and settled in Safed. He died in Beirut and was taken to Sidon for burial. A talmudic scholar of the first rank and a prolific writer, Moses was assisted by a good grounding in secular knowledge and by a command of several foreign languages. In Altona he was friendly with johann christopher wolf , who mentions him in his Bibliotheca Hebraica. His works include Leket ha-Kemaḥ, novellae on the Shulḥan Arukh, Oraḥ Ḥayyim and Yoreh De'ah (Amsterdam, 1697), and Even ha-Ezer (Hamburg, 1711); responsa Shetei ha-Leḥem (Wandsbeck, 1733); the ethical treatises Ẓerror ha-Ḥayyim and Mishnat ḥakhamim (ibid., 1728–31 and 1733 respectively); Elleh ha-Mitzvot (Amsterdam, 1713), on the numeration of precepts in Maimonides' Sefer ha-Mitzvot, on the Oral Law, and on Kabbalah; Sefat Emet (Amsterdam, 1697); and Parashat Elleh Masei (Altona, 1738), on the sanctity of the land of Israel. His literary activity also included the editing of many early books. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Scholem, Shabbetai Ẓevi, index; M. Benayahu, in: HUCA, 21 (1948), 1–28 (Heb. sect.); Frumkin-Rivlin, 2 (1928), 124–34; A.M. Luncz, in: Yerushalayim, 1 (1882), 119f.; M.D. Gaon, Yehudei ha-Mizraḥ be-Ereẓ Yisrael, 2 (1938), 243–5; Yaari, Sheluḥei, 363–71; Y. Nadav, in: Sefunot, 3–4 (1960), 303, 307–10, 326; M. Friedmann, ibid., 10 (1966), 483–619, passim. (David Tamar)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hagiz, Moses — (1672 1751)    Palestinian scholar and kabbalist. He was born in Jerusalem. He left Palestine in 1694 to collect money to found a yeshivah. He travelled to Egypt, Italy, Prague, and Amsterdam, where together with Tzevi Ashkenazi he struggled… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Moses Hagiz — (1671 – ca. 1750) (Hebrew: משה חגיז) was a Talmudic scholar, rabbi, kabbalist, and author born in Jerusalem, Palestine. He was one of the most prominent and influential Jewish leaders in 17th century Amsterdam. During Hagiz s lifetime there was… …   Wikipedia

  • ḤAGIZ, JACOB — (Israel; 1620–1674), Jerusalem scholar. He was the son of Samuel Ḥagiz, who was rabbi of Fez, and son in law of moses galante . During his youth he resided in various communities in Italy. In 1658 he emigrated to Jerusalem, where he headed a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Moses ibn Habib — Moshe (Moses) ibn Habib (1654–1696) was the Rishon LeZion (Sephardic chief Rabbi of Israel), Hakham Bashi (chief rabbi of the Ottoman Empire) and the head of a major yeshiva in Jerusalem. Contents 1 Background and family 2 Sons in law 3 …   Wikipedia

  • ḤAYON, NEHEMIAH ḤIYYA BEN MOSES — (c. 1655–c. 1730), kabbalist with Shabbatean tendencies. Because of the bitter dispute which centered around Ḥayon, the information about his life is full of contradictions and must be sifted critically. His ancestors came from Sarajevo, Bosnia.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • GALANTE, MOSES BEN JONATHAN (II) — (1620–1689), Jerusalem rabbi. Galante was called Ha Rav ha Magen after his major work Elef ha Magen which includes one thousand responsa and cases (unpublished). He was the grandson of Moses b. mordecai galante . He studied in Safed and later… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LUZZATTO, MOSES ḤAYYIM — (Heb. acronym RaMḤaL; 1707–1746), kabbalist, writer of ethical works, rhetorician, logician, and Hebrew poet; leader of a group of religious thinkers who were mainly interested in the problems of redemption and messianism and probably tried to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MORPURGO, SAMSON BEN JOSHUA MOSES — (1681–1740), Italian rabbi and physician. Samson was born in Gradisca   d Isonzo, Friuli. While still young he was taken by his parents to neighboring Gorizia, where he studied under Jacob Hai Gentili, the rabbi of the community, and his son,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ḤABIB, MOSES BEN SOLOMON IBN — (c. 1654–1696), Turkish rabbi and author. He was born in salonika , a descendant of , and went to Jerusalem in his youth. He studied in the yeshivah of Jacob Ḥagiz and from c. 1677 to 1679 he traveled as an emissary of Jerusalem, reaching as far… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JONAH, MOSES — (16th century), kabbalist and one of the most important disciples of isaac luria . Ḥayyim Vital places him in the second group of Luria s pupils (Sha ar ha Gilgulim) and states that this is his first transmigration as a human being, and therefore …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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